Leucocarpa, is a rare variety of olive tree, mainly found in the south of Italy, in the region historically known as “Magna Graecia” or Greater Greece.

Deriving its name from the Greek words for white (leucos), olive (elaea) and fruit (carpos), the leucocarpa or leucolea olive are primarily characterized while it is growing by its small shape. But during the process of ripening, its fruits take on delicate ivory or pearly-white color.
Experts claim that this fruit was most probably first introduced to the south of Italy during the years of the Greek colonization of Sicily.
This unique white olive tree is part of the broader family of olives, known to the scientific world as ”olea Europea”, which means European olive.

Similar white olives are found in Greece today but they are quite rare. They can also be spotted in some areas along the Mediterranean coasts of northern Africa and all the way west to the Atlantic shores of Portugal.

However, the Leucocarpa olive is mostly known by different local names, and its products are not exported in an organized and systematic way.
Leucocarpa was used in past centuries by the communities of the Mediterranean, for religious purposes, since its white color became synonymous with purity.