Knossos, is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe’s oldest city. Settled as early as the Neolithic period.
The name Knossos survives from ancient Greek references to the major city of Crete. Knossos eventually became the ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan civilization and culture.. TThe palace was abandoned at some unknown time at the end of the Late Bronze Age, c. 1,380–1,100 BC. The reason why is unknown, but one of the many disasters that befell the palace is generally put forward..
In the first palace period around 2,000 BC the urban area reached a size of as many as 18,000 people. In its peak the palace and surrounding city boasted a population of 100,000 people shortly after 1700 BC.The best seasons to see the site are spring and autumn, when the crowds are not so big and the weather is not so hot. Always try to arrive early at the site.
Leave plenty of time to see the site, and the Archaeological Museum of Heraklion, if you are a serious history buff. If you are only interested in history, allow a good 2 hours to visit the Knossos Palace and 3 hours for the museum in town.